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Prof. Dr.sc Ljubomir Danailov Frckoski

Faculty of Law & Political Science

Function: Law

Ljubomir Danailov Frchkoski was born in 1957 in Skopje, where he completed primary and secondary education. He graduated from the Faculty of Law „Iustinianus Primus” at the University Ss „Cyril and Methodius” in Skopje in 1981. He obtained his MA in 1986, and his doctoral thesis in 1989 at the Faculty of Sociology, Journalism and Political Sciences at the University „Edvard Kardelj” in Ljubljana (R. Slovenia). Professor Frchkoski had a long-standing tenure (from 1984 to 2019) as a full professor in International Public Law and International Political Relations at the Faculty of Law at the state University Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje. In 2019 he was appointed Dean at the Faculty of Law and Political Science at the American University of Europe – AUE FON in Skopje. From September 2020 he holds the position of Provost at AUE FON University. 

Frchkoski is among the most prominent Macedonian intellectual figures. He provided substantial contribution and valuable input in numerous governmental activities, including drafting of the first Macedonian Constitution of 1991. After the independence, he held the following positions within the Macedonian government:  Minister of Internal Affairs (1991-1996) as well as Minister of Foreign Affairs (1996-1997).

From 2000 to 2004 he was a counselor (on constitutional and human rights issues) to the President at the time, as well as chief expert in the drafting of the Ohrid Framework Agreement in 2001.

His expertise in human rights was further recognized with the membership in the European Commission against racism and intolerance in the period 2002-2007 at ECRI under the Council of Europe. In addition, professor Frckoski is a member of alumni networks of numerous renown international academic institutes, including 21-st Century Trust - London and IFRI.

He is a prolific author of books and research papers on topics ranging from human rights, negotiations towards identity dispute resolution to  philosophy of law and political theory of democracy, published in reputable domestic, regional and international journals, conference proceedings Professor Frchkoski has been involved as visiting professor in the work of several foreign universities and  international scientific and research projects, including Institute of international sociology (ISIG) of Gorizia at the University of Trieste (Italy, 2002-2010) and „San Pio V“ University in Rome, Italy, while from 2018 he has been a visiting professor at „RANEPA - Presidential Academy” (Moscow, Russia).  

SUBJECTS:Human Rights, International Public Law, Philosophy of Law, Conflict Negotiation, Contemporary Political Theories, Political Philosophy



  • Human Rights and Psychoanalysis, Kultura Skopje, 2019;
  • Restless Nationalism, Kultura, Skopje, 2016;
  • International Public Law, Magor, Skopje, 2012;
  • International Human Rights Law, third edition, Magor, Skopje, 2012;
  • Negotiation in Identity Conflicts, Templum, Skopje, 2012
  • Contemporary Political Theories, Forum, Skopje, 2003;
  • Theories of Democracy, Makedonsko Radio, Treta programa, 1992 Skopje;
  •  Essays of Social-democracy, Magazin 21, Skopje, 1989;
  • New Societal Movements and Alternative Scene, Communist, Skopje, and Studentski Zbor-1026, 1987-1988;


  1. Peace Movements, Social –democracy and the Balkan in the 80’s Pogledi, 3-4, Sk.1984;
  2. Discrete Charm of  The Ideology, Annual, Faculty of Law, Skopje,1988;
  3. Rechstaat and the problem of Socialism RTS, Treta  Programa,Skopje, 1989;
  4. Post-modern State and the programme of social democracy, Annual, Faculty of Law, Skopje 1988-1989;
  5. Ideology of Human Rights, Mlad Borec  Skopje-1675, 1990-1991;
  6. Thesis of political pluralism and Rechstaat in Macedonia, Pogledi, 1, 1990, Skopje;
  7. The Macedonian Case-lectures for the Seminar “What is Nation, the Borders of Self -determination”, 21-st Century Kligental,  France;
  8. Preface to Democracy in the Plural Society, Arent Lijphart,Makedonsko radio, Treta programa, 1994 Skopje;
  9. Minorities and the Self-determination, Balkan forum 1996  (Puls,Skopje);
  10. The Model of the Interethnic Relations in the Republic of  Macedonia (1990-1997), Krug 1999;
  11. How to Adjust a Multi-cultural Society to Democracy, Osteuropa – Institut,Munchen, Berlin, 2000;
  12.  Macedonia and the Region, Chaillot Papers 46,  2001  Institute for Security Studies, WEU-Paris;
  13. Trends in the State Recognition in International Law  and Case of Macedonia, Faculty of Law , Skopje , 2005 ( Days of Macedonian – French law discussions);      
  14. The Character of Dispute between Macedonia and Greece, [WU1]  lecture at Pantheon University in Athens, Greece, 2009'
  15. The Individual and Collective Rights in the Search for New Theory of Liberal Justice, Faculty of Law, Collection of Articles honouring Prof. Stefan Georgievski, Skopje, 2009;
  16. The Basic Principles and Characteristics of International Law, Faculty of Law, Collection of Articles honouring Todor Ruskov, Skopje, 2009;
  17. The Sources of Conflicts in the Multicultural Societies, Faculty of Law, Collection of Articles honouring Prof. Vladimir Mitkov, Skopje, 2010;
  18.  Identity conflict/consolidation and democracy in  Macedonia, paper presented on Conference on Hariman Institute, Colombia University, New  York  USA, 2010;
  19. Populism as Structural Corruption in Transitional Democracies, paper presented on IPALMO Institute, Rome, Italy, 2010;
  20.  Reconciliation in Macedonia, Ten Years After, Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 2  No.3, 2011; 
  21.  Character of Name Dispute and Way Forward, Foreign Affairs, Hellenic Edition, New York, February, 2012;
  22.  Cooperation between Macedonian and Albanian liders in a process of national billding, International Conference, 100 years  Albanian Independence, Rome  2012;
  23.  Reconciliation in Macedonia – ten Years after, Mediteranean  Journal, Vol sept.11;
  24. Character of name dispute and way forward, Foreign Affairs, New York, Helenic Edition, February, 2012;
  25. Civil Disobedience and The Constitution, Journale of the Faculty of Law, 2013 
  26. Judgment of Hag ( Macedonia v.Greece ) legal considerations,  Annuiale, Faculty of Law, 47 - 49  Skopje, 2013; 
  27.  Strategic Litigation in a cases of discrimination on a basis of sexual orientation, Helsinki Comity of Human Rights, Skopje, 2013; 
  28. Autoritarian Populism in Counties of  Western Balkan, Sudostereuropa Gesellschaft, 2013  www.info@sogde.org;
  29. Theories of Deliberative Democracy, Journal of Faculty of Law, 2014;  
  30. Macedonian Biopolitics - Populist Dictatorship And Transition, paper on Conference for Interdisciplinary Approaches to Politics (CIAP): Emotions in Politics and International Relations, 20 and 21 October , 2016, University of Leeds;
  31. Compelled Listening and Freedom of Expression, Annual, Faculty of Law, 2016 ;
  32. Security Before Democracy, Balkania, Journal of the Balkan Studies, Casa Mediterraneo, No7, 2016;
  33. Law and Violence, Review, Micajkov, Faculty of Law, 2017;
  34. Identity and Freedom, IPRN Law  online magazine, 2018;
  35. Experiences of authoritarianism: the case of the Macedonian nation and Macedonian nationalism. Brill: Southeastern Europe Journal. (2019-20); 
  36. Stabilocracy: Unexpected Result of Security Agendas (in the Western Balkans in Defence against Terrorism ),  IOS Press, 2019; and Futuribili. Rivista di studi sul futuro e di previsione sociale. 2017, n. 2, Vol. XXII - https://www.openstarts.units.it/handle/10077/22284;